Approximately 70% of Cambodian households derive all or an important part of their income from agriculture, yet the majority of agricultural production is dependent on the monsoon rain and natural floods/recession of the Tonle Sap Lake and Mekong River. Climate change is likely to disrupt the natural cycle of the monsoonal system and the hydrological function of the interconnected Mekong-Tonle Sap River drainage system and therefore cause a significant impact on the livelihood and welfare of rural Cambodians.
This project was designed to reduce the vulnerability of rural Cambodians, especially land-poor, landless and/or women-headed households through investments in small-scale water management infrastructure, technical assistance to resilient agricultural practices, and capacity building support, especially targeting poor women, for improved food production in home gardens. The Project is being implemented in 89 communes and 10 districts of Siem Reap and Kampong Thom provinces.
KEY EXPECTED RESULTS
The project aims to improve sub-national administration systems affecting investments in rural livelihoods through climate sensitive planning, budgeting and execution.
1. Climate sensitive planning, budgeting and execution at sub-national level strengthened;
2. Resilience of livelihoods of the most vulnerable improved against erratic rainfall, floods and droughts; and
3. Incentive mechanism is in place at sub-national level to manage greater volume of climate change adaptation financing aligned with local development plans.
- A total of 389 provincial, district and commune councilors (129 women – 33%) have been actively involved in the process of integrating CCA into local planning and execution of CCA priorities. To date, 79 out of 89 target communes have fully integrated climate change adaptation and gender into its plans and programs, leveraging the results from the vulnerability reduction assessment (VRA) exercises in each commune. As a result, 8 DIPs and 63 CIPs have included their specific budget for adaptation actions.
- The baseline survey to measure the project impact was completed and its final report is available. The survey involved a total of 1,563 household respondents, a combination of 726 treatments, 422 control-1, and 415 control-2 households in both target provinces. What’s more, in June 2019, a mini survey was conducted in 28 treatment (T) villages to assess the potency of the ongoing project interventions, the result of which guides towards the intended impacts.
- Technical capacity of agricultural extension officers and livelihood service providers have been enhanced for climate-resilient livelihood to provide support to the local communities through a series of capacity building workshops on beneficiary selection and resilient agriculture extension packages. As a result, a total of 115 extension officers, service provider staff, and Sub-National Administration staff (34 women—30%) are able to facilitate and provide technical support to project beneficiaries.
- The project has supported 4,154 households in 81 villages to implement resilient livelihood income generation and water management related activities, representing 69% of 6,000 target households. 92% out of the engaged households are adopting the resilient agriculture activities including chicken, duck and frog raising, home vegetable gardening and resilient rice farming. Farmers are mostly seen to raise 20 to 150 chicken per households. They could earn an average from 100,000 Riels ($25) to 800,000 Riels ($200) per 3 months. The development results will be measured by the impact survey at the end of the project.
- To date, 88 out of 100 target water schemes in 10 districts have been implemented with a total amount of $1,400,000 through a co-financed mechanism with the Commune Fund (Performance-Based Climate Resilient Grant – PBCRG). While some schemes are under the technical design and construction processes, the 49 functioning schemes are now irrigating water to the approximately 2,545 hectares of rice paddies owned by the 4,155 households in 45 communes in both target provinces. To ensure durable water infrastructures and effective use of water, 20 FWUC/WUGs (10 in each target province) have been established to date with a total member of 1,696 farmer households as water users with a common irrigated area of 1,039 ha rice paddies. Farmers manage to double rice crops and are able to cope with dry spell and drought. It’s easily observed that the farmers are happy as they could earlier access to water for their rice crop without waiting for sufficient rain water.
- In collaboration with other initiatives, the project supported the NCDDS to update the existing PBCR grant manual. It has been approved by the NCDD and implemented in 10 target districts covering 89 target communes with enhanced climate-smart development planning integrated. The capacity of NCDDS and the SNAs on PBCR grant assessment and self-monitoring strengthened through hands-on training and assessment exercises. They are now able to prepare and conduct PBCR assessment on the annual basis.