Diverse climate conditions and thousands of years of agricultural practices have resulted in rich biodiversity and genetic crop resources in Cambodia. This high level of genetic diversity makes Cambodia an attractive country for bioprospecting, especially given the high number of known medicinal plants, many of which have associated traditional knowledge. Yet, as the country continues to manage its transition from a subsistence-based agrarian economy to a consumption-based cash economy, its biological resources are increasingly under threat. These threats include competing land-use from urbanization and infrastructure, poaching of wild plants and animals, overharvesting of forest products, and the effects of climate change. Furthermore, Cambodia is facing the loss of traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources.
To counter these various threats to biodiversity, this project aims to strengthen national capacities for access to benefit sharing of Cambodia’s genetic resources. To achieve this objective, the project supports the creation of an enabling national policy, legal framework and institutional framework consistent with the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Nagoya Protocol.
A well developed and functioning Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) national legal, institutional and administrative framework will enable the equitable sharing of benefits from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge between the Royal Government, private and research sector and owners of these resources and traditional knowledge.
KEY EXPECTED RESULTS
1. Creating and strengthening a national policy, legal, and institutional framework in line with the Nagoya Protocol on access to benefit sharing; and
2. Building capacity and administrative measures for developing and implementing access and benefit sharing framework and legislation.