Sustainable Forest Management

Project summary

 Two big trees in Monk Community Forest in Northern Oddar Meanchey province. (Photo: UNDP Cambodia)

The project aims to strengthen sustainable forest management (SFM) through integrating community-based SFM for Community Forests (CFs) and Community Protected Areas (CPAs) into policy, planning, and implementation. It aims to create increased production of improved wood stoves and markets for sustainable bio-energy technologies which reduce CO2 emissions.

The project is aligned to the National Forest Programme supporting its goal to cover 2 million hectares in Cambodia with decentralized forest management. It is implemented at central level and in Battambang, Pursat, Kampong Chhnang and Kampong Speu.

Key expected results

The SFM project expects to produce the following outcomes:

  • Improvement of existing national capacities, policies and regulations which facilitate the widespread implementation of SFM through the support to decentralized forest management and, sustainable land management main­streaming livelihood considerations.
  • Effective implementation of community-based sustainable forest management planning at the province, district and commune level and delivering concrete benefits to local communities through a business approach.
  • Improved income to local communities.
  • Improvements in the protection of globally important biodiversity areas of Cardamom Mountains by working in the border landscapes.
  • Improvement in biological and productive functioning of forests in the provinces where the project will work directly on the ground.
  • Strengthened demand and supply chain for energy efficient cook stoves.
  • Reductions in CO2 emissions due to the increased use of efficient cook stoves, improved charcoal kilns and reduction of forest fuel wood extraction by establishing woodlots.

Contributing donors

Donors Amount
Cash (Grant)


US$ 1,500,000


US$ 2,363,635

Co-financing (Parallel)


US$ 3,000,000


US$ 700,000


US$ 800,000
Other sources
Unfunded budget US$ 1,000,000
In-kind Contribution, RGC/FA US$ 600,000


Project background

Compared with its neighbouring countries, Cambodia still has a low population density and relatively large intact natural areas. The total area of forest in Cambodia is estimated at 10,864,186 hectares, equivalent to approximately 60% of total land area. However, the country’s forests have suffered from both deforestation and degradation. Around 2.1 million hectares of forestlands were converted to agriculture and other uses between 1960 and 1992-93. A large proportion of the existing forest estate is degraded: it is estimated that there are around2, 600, 000 hectares of forest land that require restoration

Around 85% of Cambodians depend on agricultural and forest production for their primary livelihood, and forest resources contribute from 30% to 42% of the total household livelihoods of rural people. Over 84% of households in Cambodia meet their energy needs through fuel wood, which supplies approximately 70% of the total national energy demand.

Local people depend on the forest for timber for home construction, making agricultural equipment and cash income. Communities living near forests obtain Non Timber Forest Products for subsistence use and sale.

Main activities

The project will undertake the following activities:

  • Support the development of legal framework for all models of community based forest management and conservation as mentioned in the National Forestry Programme and the Protected Areas Law.
  • Support the process of commune land use planning with the aim to integrate CFs and CPAs into commune land use and development plans and incorporate landscape and ecosystem approach inareas around the Cardamom Mountains.
  • Support business development and profitable enterprise development in CFs and CPAs to generate employment and income for local communities in Kampong Chhnang, Kampong Speu, Battambang and Pursat.
  • Develop capacity of local communities to manage the CFs and CPAs in accordance to the management plans.
  • Support the development and implementation of strategies for wood energy in collaboration with MIME and in support of the Wood Energy Working Group.
  • Train in production of improved wood stoves and increase the production and marketing of stoves to reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions.
  • Establish village wood lots as part of CFs to feed the fuel wood market.
  • Mainstream gender issues and improve the status of women at various stages and activities during project implementation.

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