Cambodia Community Based Adaptation Programme

Project summary

Farmers collecting riceCambodian farmers collects rice output in Takeo. With the irrigation system with supports from CCBAP project, farmers can now triple their collection. (Photo: UNDP Cambodia)

The purpose of the Cambodia Community Based Adaptation Programme (CCBAP) is to reduce vulnerability and increase adaptive capacity of the targeted communities to manage the additional risks of climate change. It aims to reduce the vulnerability of Cambodia’s agricultural sector to climate induced changes in water resources availability. It also aims to enhance the capacity of vulnerable communities in building resilience, mainstreaming climate change in commune development planning and documenting good practices of climate change adaptation.

Key expected results

  • Climate change adaptation and resilience built in 450 vulnerable communities in flood/drought prone areas of Cambodia under the Small Grants Programme;
  • Sixty percent of the targeted communes integrate/apply climatic information and activities, and vulnerability assessment into the commune development plans and commune investment plans (CDPs/CIPs); and
  • Lessons learned and good practices documented and shared to influence changes of policy and programme development.

Contributing donors

Donor Amount
Sweden USD 4,206,377.41
Australian Aid (parallel) USD 262,837.00
UNDP USD 35,424.20

Delivery in 2014

The project delivery in 2014 was USD 754,262.94

Key achieved results in 2014

The summary of accomplishment results from 12 on-going projects in 2014 are benefiting to 6,330 families (15,601 female out of 30,974 people). The results are following:

  • 19,996m length of canals was rehabilitated (11 canals),
  • 2 reservoirs were rehabilitated,
  • 3 community ponds were rehabilitated,
  • 29 family ponds were rehabilitated,
  • 25 water wells were constructed,
  • 140 concreate jars were constructed,
  • 147 water filters were supplied through establishing revolving group,
  • 52 saving groups were established to support community to have their own fund for improving their livelihood,
  • 6 seed banks were established to support rice seed in the project target areas,

Additionally, 7 pilot projects on climate change mainstreaming into sub-national planning through using Vulnerability Reduction Assessment (VRA) tool were approved by donor and supported by NCDD-S to implement in 7 communes, 7 districts and 6 provinces. The lesson learns from these 7 pilot projects was shared in the national workshop on climate change mainstreaming into sub-national planning through co-organizing with NCDD-S.

Project background

Having recognised the adverse impacts of climate change on socio-economic development, environment and livelihoods in Cambodia, the Royal Government adopted the National Adaptation Programme of Actions (NAPA) to Climate Change in 2006. The Ministry of Environment developed the NAPA with support from the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change as Cambodia is known to be among the most vulnerable countries to climate change due to its low capacity to adapt. The NAPA identifies priority interventions designed to address the urgent needs for adaptation in key sectors; primarily agriculture, water resources, the coastal zone and human health.

The NAPA outlines thirty-nine adaptation projects, of which twenty focus on issues of water resources and agriculture.

The projects were identified on the basis of gap and policy analysis, a field survey, consultations, expert reviews and an inter-ministerial review. They are aligned with Cambodia’s development objectives, which are outlined in the Rectangular Strategy for Growth, Employment, Equity and Efficiency (2004) and the National Strategic Development Plan (2009-2013).

Cambodia’s economy is largely agrarian, with three quarters of the total population living in rural areas and most of them engaged in rain-fed and subsistence agriculture, being normally one crop of rice per year. The impacts of climate change on Cambodia, (a least developed country), in particular on agriculture and rice cultivation, are predicted to adversely affect food production and food security in rural areas. Reduced agricultural production could lead to hunger and malnutrition, negatively affect Cambodia’s overall economic performance, and hinder the achievement of the Cambodian Millennium Development Goals.

By using a Vulnerability Reduction Assessment, the CCBAP is formulated through the participatory process. The project is designed to address the gaps suggested in NAPA, which mainly focuses on improving community capacity and enhancing community-based initiatives to cope with climate hazards. It also supports communities to adapt to climate variability in wider geographical areas identified as vulnerable to climate hazards.

The project will work in the most vulnerable provinces. It will be implemented by using UNDP/Global Environment Fund Small Grants Programme mechanism to manage grants to support community based climate change adaptation projects, supported by Small Grants Programme National Steering Committee, consisting of key government officials from Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Royal University of Agriculture and non-governmental organisations.

Main activities

The CCBAP project has three main activities:

  • Improve necessary capacity within non- governmental organisations, community based organisations and local communities to implement community adaptation measures;
  • Mainstream adaptation to climate change at the commune level; and
  • Document good practices and share lessons learned to influence changes of policy and programme development.

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