As one of the world’s largest multilateral development agencies, present in over 170 countries and territories, UNDP is on the frontlines of anticipating, understanding and acting on today’s opportunities and risks.
Humanitarian mine clearance operations in Cambodia started in 1992 with the support of the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) to clear transportation routes to enable the repatriation of hundreds of thousands of Cambodian refugees living in camps in Thailand back to Cambodia. When clearance of the routes was completed, clearance operations shifted to clear land to support the housing of the refugees. Due to the magnitude of the landmine contamination, the clearance was then extended to clear land for agriculture and productive use to support local reconstruction and development projects.
These are the findings taken from a large-scale experiment amongst 605 Cambodian citizens, some farmers, importers and business supporters living in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Sihanoukville. We employed a central location test (an experimental approach), ethnographies and in-depth interviews to understand how single-use alternative straws can be effectively introduced into the Cambodian market.
This Issue Brief examines the burden of tobacco use in Cambodia. It analyzes the extent to which investing in key WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) measures can generate health, economic and other development returns, accelerating Cambodia’s achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It presents key findings; linkage between tobacco use and poverty; and how the lower-income populations benefit the most from tobacco control.