Approximately 70% of Cambodian households derive all or an important part of their income from agriculture, yet the majority of agricultural production is dependent on the monsoon rain and natural floods/recession of the Tonle Sap Lake and Mekong River. Climate change is likely to disrupt the natural cycle of the monsoonal system and the hydrological function of the interconnected Mekong-Tonle Sap River drainage system and therefore cause a significant impact on the livelihood and welfare of rural Cambodians.
This project was designed to reduce the vulnerability of rural Cambodians, especially land-poor, landless and/or women-headed households through investments in small-scale water management infrastructure, technical assistance to resilient agricultural practices, and capacity building support, especially targeting poor women, for improved food production in home gardens. The Project is being implemented in 89 communes and 10 districts of Siem Reap and Kampong Thom provinces.
KEY EXPECTED RESULTS
The project aims to improve sub-national administration systems affecting investments in rural livelihoods through climate sensitive planning, budgeting and execution.
1. Climate sensitive planning, budgeting and execution at sub-national level strengthened;
2. Resilience of livelihoods of the most vulnerable improved against erratic rainfall, floods and droughts; and
3. Incentive mechanism is in place at sub-national level to manage greater volume of climate change adaptation financing aligned with local development plans.
- A total of 389 provincial, district and commune councilors (129 women – 33%) have been actively involved in the process of integrating CCA into local planning and execution of CCA priorities. As a result to date, 40 commune investment programmes (CIPs) and 10 district investment programmes (DIPs) have been integrated with CCA and disaster risk reduction (DDR) using findings from vulnerability reduction assessment (VRA) and district vulnerability mapping.
- The project’s baseline data to measure the impact of the project was established and baseline survey report is now available. The survey involved a total of 1,563 household respondents, a combination of 726 treatments, 422 control-1, and 415 control-2 households in both target provinces.
- Technical capacity of agricultural extension officers and livelihood service provider have been enhanced for climate-resilient livelihood to provide support to the local communities through a series of capacity building workshops on beneficiary selection and resilient agriculture extension packages. As a result, total of 115 extension officers, service provider staff, and Sub-National Administration staff (34 women—30%) are able to facilitate and provide technical support to project beneficiaries.
- Twenty-eight farmer groups (Farmer Water User Community, Livelihood Improvement Group, Water User Committee, Smallholder learning group, and Saving group) are formed with a total of 825 households (78% of households are represented by women) and their needs have been assessed. Farmer training and provision of farm inputs will follow.
- Forty-nine small-scale water infrastructures are being built (19) and renovated (30) in 10 districts. The project has invested USD 900,000 through co-financing mechanism—Performance Based Climate Resilient grant (PBCR).