According to the recent Forest Reference Level (FRL) submission to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (RGC 2017), Cambodia has approximately 8.5 million ha of forest, constituting 47% of the total land area. During the last decades, Cambodia has undergone a rapid rate of deforestation with the forest cover change from 57 % in 2010 to 47% in 2014 (RGC). Hence, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) officially endorsed REDD+ as a crucial national strategy to tackle the alarming rates of deforestation and forest degradation in the country and to improve the livelihoods of forest dependent communities.
Building upon the earlier REDD+ readiness efforts, the main goal of the FCPF-II project is to prepare Cambodia for implementation of REDD+ under the UNFCCC. Being ready for REDD+ is a precondition for the RGC to move to the next phase of REDD+, that is, to implement REDD+ policies and measures to effectively reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and promote the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks. Successful REDD+ implementation, in terms of reduction in GHG emissions from the forest.
KEY EXPECTED RESULTS
The main objective of the FCPF-II is to develop and enhance the Cambodian government’s capacities for tackling deforestation and forest degradation as well as for measuring, reviewing and verifying emission reduction. Hence, the project will ensure the following four key results to be attained:
1. Strengthening of REDD+ management arrangements;
2. Development of NRS Action (or Investment) Plan(s) and other relevant enabling policy instruments for REDD+;
3. Enhancement of subnational capacities for REDD+ planning; and
4. Monitoring system designed for REDD+ with capacity for implementation.
[a] Finalization of the National REDD+ Strategy (NRS) document and the National Protected Area Strategic Management Plan (NPASMP) and their endorsement by the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC). In addition, the RGC finalized the design of the National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS) and the technical assessment of the Forest Reference Level (FRL) document was successfully completed. Sub-national capacity building for REDD+ implementation in five REDD+ demonstration sites was also completed.
[b] To ensure effective management of the national REDD+ readiness process, the RGC has created enabling institutional frameworks for REDD+ implementation and effective stakeholder engagement. These frameworks include the REDD+ Taskforce (RTF), the REDD+ Taskforce Secretariat (RTS), four technical teams (on safeguards, benefit sharing, demonstration and MRV/REL), a Consultation Group (CG) and a Gender Group (GG). These frameworks remain in place.
[c] The Action and investment plan for the National Protected Area Strategic Management Plan (AIP-NPASMP) and Guideline for the Development Protected Area (PA) and biodiversity conservation corridors (BCC) Management Programme and Action Plan finalized and submitted to GDANCP/MoE for endorsement.
[d] The Policy and Climate Laws Co. Ltd. has been contracted in mid-May 2018 to support the development of Cambodia REDD+ Safeguards Information System (SIS) and the first Summary of Information on Safeguards (SoI) for Cambodia. The company has submitted the inception report. The report summarized results and findings from baseline analysis of Cambodia SIS status, needs for meeting UNFCCC and UNDP requirements related to safeguards, information gaps and roadmap to complete the tasks including methodology, plan for stakeholder engagement, work plan and timeline. Checklist for Policies, laws and regulations (PLRs) reviews was also developed and PLRs review work started.
[e] Key REDD+ related strategic documents supported by the projects that has been formally endorsed by the government printed and disseminated to all relevance ministries, subnational authorities and provincial government institutions attending the REDD+ awareness raising events for subnational administration including NRS (3,000 copies), 2016 Forest Cover Assessment Report (1,500 copies), PA Zoning Guideline (1,500 copies), Phnom Kulen Management and Action Plan (2,000 copies). New REDD+ website was officially launched.