Clearing for Results, Phase 3 – Mine Action for Human Development (CfR– MafHD)
Landmines and ERW continue to be an issue in Cambodia as there remains about 2,000 km2 of contaminated land to be cleared. It is a threat to human security and national development. The number of casualties has decreased from 4,320 in 1996 to 58 in 2017, however, this is still considered to be among the highest in the world (CMAA, 2010).
These issues hinder the country’s development as it poses difficulty in access to productive land, water sources, roads, and industrialization. Moreover, human capital development is being challenged as victims and their family go through emotional, financial and physical hardships.
UNDP works with the Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority over the past 15 years to promote greater efficiency and accountability and to ensure that clearance resources support development priorities.
Key Expected Results
The project aims to strengthen the national regulation and coordination capacity in the demining sector, to support clearing of mines/Explosive Remnant of Wars (ERW), and to establish mine action performance monitoring system that measures human development outcomes and progress towards achieving a status of impact-free from mines/ ERW in Cambodia. Specifically, the project commits to deliver the following results:
· Mine action policies and strategic frameworks are aligned to national and sub-national sectorial policies and planning strategies;
· Mine action performance monitoring system is developed and implemented that delivers quality evidence linking mine action and sustainable development outcomes/impact; and
· At least 27 square kilometers of the total mine/ERW contaminated areas are cleared and released for productive use.
o National Mine Action Strategy (NMAS 2018-2025) approved.
o The Performance Monitoring System developed and approved. Technical reference group is finalizing the scope and key outputs and outcomes.
o A total of 215.56 km2 of mines/ERW contaminated land cleared and released.
· 2018 (January – August)
o An additional 11 km2 of mines/ERW contaminated land cleared and released.
o 3.4 km2 released through non-technical survey.
o 4,711 anti-personnel mines, anti-tank/vehicle mines and explosive remnants of war destroyed.
o 11,385 households made safe as a result of clearance: 57,759 people, incl. 29,372 women and 928 persons with disabilities.
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