UNDP will work to ensure the National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP) 2015-2019 incorporate a comprehensive approach to the country development, which includes specific targets for poverty reduction and employment generation. This planning framework is aligned with the nine Cambodia Millennium Development Goals. To help the country achieve these goals, UNDP works to strengthen national capacities and decrease the country’s economic and social vulnerabilities, engaging with private sector and supporting selected trade sectors moving up the value chain and having better access to markets. UNDP supports the government to monitor and track progress toward MDGs at both national and subnational levels.
An important part of this work is supporting the government to monitor impacts of social protection scheme. Complementing this, policy research conducted by UNDP in areas such as extractive industries, industrial policies and human capital development aims to assist the government in generating and implementing innovative policy options that promote inclusiveness of economic growth that should benefit to all Cambodians.
In mine clearance, UNDP contributes to poverty reduction and rural development by building the capacity of government in the areas of monitoring, regulation, quality assurance, socio-economic planning, and post-clearance land use.
Key Facts about Poverty Reduction in Cambodia
Poverty has been reduced to 19.8 percent in 2011 from 47 percent in 1993. Almost a fourth, however, still lives below the national poverty line (3,871 riel or US$0.96). Meanwhile, seasonal urban poverty starts to be more visible. In the rural areas where 80 percent of the population live, poverty continues to persist, resulting in people migrating to urban centres or across the borders to search for work with limited or no protection from abuses.
Geographical inequality levels remains an issue, as poverty estimates can vary from 0.1 % to 37% from one province to another.