Alt text for imageA Cambodian couple plant taros in their farm in Southwestern province of Kampong Speu. UNDP project helps build their community to adapt to climate change by constructing a reservoir so that they have water for usage all-year round. (Photo: Chansok Lay/UNDP Cambodia)

Learning from its evaluation of community-based adaptation work, UNDP will explore how eco-restoration might be introduced and current vulnerability risk assessment methodology strengthened. UNDP and UNCDF will explore how public services transferred from the central to subnational authorities might be implemented sustainably.

UNDP will contribute to the strengthening of environmental services and the system of forest management and protected areas, including mangrove forests critical for fishery. In collaboration with ministries responsible for the environment, forestry, and fisheries, efforts will strengthen the forest-dependent livelihoods of rural households and indigenous people communities and contribute to long-term food security. Government efforts to transform the legal framework from a primary focus on the commercialization of natural resources to sustainable management will be supported. 

In collaboration with national and subnational authorities, UNDP will reframe its assistance to mine action from the number of hectares cleared towards strengthening rural livelihoods and disability assistance.

In terms of market provisioning, UNDP and UNCDF assistance will be key to understand the financial behavior of the poor and to make financial services accessible. As part of UNAIDS, in addition to the support to mainstreaming measures for people living with and affected by HIV into national social protection systems, UNDP will work for improving market access to affordable drugs at the policy level. Given the importance of protracted illnesses among poor rural households, UNDP will explore opportunities to address non-communicable diseases.

Key Facts about Building Resilience in Cambodia

Cambodia is among the top ten countries vulnerable to climate change because of its dependence on agriculture, the high proportion of the population residing in low lands, and the limited national capacity to cope with the challenges and costs. Globally, subsistence farmers face the highest risk to climate change:  the challenge in Cambodia is that 73% of farms engage in subsistence agriculture. Forty-three per cent of communes are vulnerable to climate-induced floods and droughts.  In 2011 and 2013, floods affected 20 per cent of rice lands and 14 per cent of the population. 

Households do not have the coping capacity to deal with shocks, and can even have coping strategies that negatively impact their health and livelihoods. 60,000 people living with and affected by HIV and their families were excluded from social protection schemes. Persons with disabilities face limited access to appropriate services and infrastructure.  Livelihoods in the poorest province of the northwest are still vulnerable to the threat of land mines and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW). Rural households are financially vulnerable and must contend with either financial exclusion or, when they have access, the threat of over-indebtedness.

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