Elizabeth Guerrero coordinates UNDP in Chile's gender project. Ms. Guerrero, a social worker from the Metropolitan Technological University of Chile, has participated in several gender and public policy research projects in Chile and has worked as a consultant for various national and international agencies.
09 Dec 2013
Women still comprise only 21.4 percent of members of parliaments (MP) around the world. While Latin America has more than 24 percent of women MPs — one of the highest shares in the world — the region still has a long road to travel towards gender parity.
The provision of quotas — an idea that began in Europe and has spread to other continents — has effectively been used to boost women’s political participation, adopted as a temporary measure to encourage political parties to nominate a minimum percentage of women. This may take place as a voluntary action by political parties or through law-driven measures which push parties to nominate a certain number of women candidates.
Yet several myths remain:
Myth 1: "Quotas contradict the principle of equality before the law"
This argument is based on the assumption that men and women actually have the same opportunities to run for elections. But that simply does not reflect reality. In many countries women can vote, but they cannot be elected. Evidence shows that women and men do not share the same opportunities to be appointed candidates because women face a number of barriers to be nominated by political parties.
Therefore, the idea behind quotas is to “prepare the field before the ball game” and ensure that both men and women have equal opportunities of being elected.
Myth 2: "Quotas ‘give away’ public positions to women just because they are women"
This argument mistakes quotas for reserved political positions for women. The fact is that quotas only oblige parties to nominate women, but they must still run for — and win — the elections (just like men) to own seats of political power.
Myth 3: "Quotas are ineffective in boosting women’s political participation”
Latin America’s experience proves the contrary. Quotas have been very efficient, and the existence of such laws marks the difference between countries which were able to boost the number of elected women and those still lagging behind.
For example, after the law, the proportion of women in parliament jumped from 8.7 percent to 37.4 percent in Argentina; 15.8 percent to 38.6 percent in Costa Rica; 3.7 percent to 38.7 percent in Ecuador and from 18.4 percent to 40.2 percent in Nicaragua, which currently registers the highest proportion of women parliamentarians in the region.
No country in the world has reached a 30 percent participation of women in parliament without some form of affirmative action, whether voluntary or law-imposed quotas.
It is crucial to boost the understanding of quotas for women and their crucial role in our long road towards gender parity.
Talk to us: What steps can be taken to boost women’s political participation?
The content is taken from UNDP Global's Perspective Page.
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- វណ្ណ សក្កិ បានប្រែក្លាយខ្លួនពីធ្វើជាអ្នកលាងឡានទៅជាអ្នកលក់ឡានវ័យក្មេងដ៏ជោគជ័យម្នាក់។ ប៉ុន្តែ វាមិនទាន់គ្រប់គ្រាន់សម្រាប់ សក្កិ នៅឡើយ។ សក្កិ នៅមានគោលដៅធំជាងនេះទៀត ព្រោះ សក្កិ នៅតែមានអារម្មណ៍ភ័យខ្លាចនឹងភាពក្រីក្រនៅឡើយ។ សក្កិ លើកឡើងថាជោគជ័យរបស់គាត់នាពេលបច្ចុប្បន្ននេះបានមកដោយសារ ភាពស្មោះត្រង់ ការបើកចិត្តឳ្យទូលាយ ការសន្សំសំចៃ និងភាពច្នៃប្រឌិតរបស់គាត់។ គាត់ក៏បានលើកឡើងអំពីសារៈសំខាន់ដែលគាត់ធ្លាប់មានចៅហ្វាយម្នាក់ដែលជាទីទុកចិត្ត ហើយបានប្រាប់ និងផ្តល់ដំបូន្មានល្អៗអំពីការធ្វើជំនួញដល់គាត់។ សក្កិ បានបន្ថែមថា ចាំបាច់គាត់ត្រូវសហការរកស៊ីជាមួយដៃគូរដែលអាចទុកចិត្តបាន និងមានទំនុកចិត្តលើគាត់ផងដែរ។ ទោះជាគាត់ជោគជ័យ ឬក្លាយជាអ្នកមានប៉ុណ្ណាក៏ដោយ សក្កិ នៅតែមិនដែលភ្លេចថាខ្លួនឯងជាអ្នកណា ហើយមកពីណាដែរ។ សក្កិ តែងតែត្រៀមខ្លួនជានិច្ចក្នុងការចែករំលែកនូវបទពិសោធន៍របស់គាត់ដល់មិត្តភ័ក្ត និងអ្នកទាំងឡាយដែលចង់ទទួលបានជោគជ័យដូចគាត់។ VAN Sak has transformed himself from being a car washing worker to a young successful car dealer. However, this is not enough for him. Sak still has a more ambitious goal to reach since he remains scared of poverty. Sak attributes his current success to that he is honest, open-minded, economical and creative. In addition, he raises the importance of having a reliable boss who has taught him how business is run and provided him with pieces of great advice. It is also necessary to work with a reliable partner who trusts him. No matter how rich or successful he is, Sak never forgets who he is and where he is from. Sak is always ready to share his experience with friends and those who are not yet successful. http://bit.ly/2ajoSzN #YouthSkills | #YouthDay | #Youth2030 | #Klahan9 9 hours ago
- ហៀង ផល្លីន ជានារីខ្មែរវ័យក្នេងម្នាក់ដែលហ៊ានធ្វើការងារដែលគេច្រើននិយាយថាមានតែបុរសអាចធ្វើបាន ហើយ ផល្លីន មានឆន្ទៈក្នុងការចូលរួមរក្សាការពារសត្វល្អិត (ឃ្មុំ និងស្រាំង) តាមរយៈការងារស្ម័គ្រចិត្ត និងតួនាទីដែលប្អូនស្រីចង់ក្លាយជាអ្នកឯកទេសកំណត់អត្តសញ្ញាណសត្វល្អិត។ ផល្លីន ស្ម័គ្រចិត្តក្នុងកម្មវិធីស្រាវជ្រាវខាងសត្វល្អិតមួយ ដែលតម្រូវឳ្យប្អូនស្រីត្រូវធ្វើដំណើរក្នុងព្រៃ ដើរកាត់ទឹកជាដើម។ ដោយដឹងថា សត្វល្អិតមានទាំងប្រយោជន៍ និងផលរំខានដល់ការងារកសិកម្ម ផល្លីន សង្ឈឹមថានឹងអាចកំណត់អត្តសញ្ញាណពូជឃ្មុំទាំងឡាយក្នុងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា។ មូលហេតុចំបងដែលជម្រុញឳ្យប្អូនស្រីចូលរួមក្នុងការងារស្ម័គ្រចិត្ត និងចង់ធ្វើកិច្ចការក្នុងក្តីស្រមៃរបស់ប្អូនស្រី គឺការទទួលបានបទពិសោធន៍ និងការចូលរួមជួយដល់សង្គមជាតិ។ ផល្លីន ទើបបានបញ្ចប់ការសិក្សាផ្នែក ជីវវិទ្យា ហើយបច្ចុប្បន្ន ប្អូនស្រីកំពុងបំរើការងារជាមួយ គម្រោងសត្វល្អិតកម្ពុជាមួយ។ Heang Phallin is a young female Cambodian who takes on a so-called male job and committed to safeguarding Cambodia's insects (bee and wasp) through her volunteer work and dreamed profession as a taxonomist. Phallin has volunteered in an entomology programme under which she has to go into the forest and walk in the water. Understanding insects have both positive and negative impacts particularly on agricultural activities, Phallin is hoping to identify the most species of bee in Cambodia while their current identification has little been made. Gaining relevant experience and contributing back to the society are the main motives for her involvement in her volunteer job and her dreamed job. Phallin has just graduated her degree in Biology and she is now working with Cambodia Entomology Imitative Project. http://bit.ly/2axl0NC #YouthSkills | #YouthDay | #Youth2030 | #Klahan9 Yesterday AT 12:48 AM
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