Our Perspective

      • Water: Fewer Drops for Increasing Different Demands

        22 Apr 2016

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        (Photo: ©UNDP Cambodia)

        In the Royal Government of Cambodia’s ‘Policy Document on Promotion of Paddy Rice Production and Export of Milled Rice,’ rice is referred to as “white gold.” This is due to the role of rice in economic growth, poverty reduction and improved livelihoods of the Cambodian people. But the term ‘gold’ should also be used for another important resource in Cambodia — water. Water is central to agricultural production including paddy rice, through the expansion of irrigation. Water also plays a key role in the energy sector in Cambodia through hydropower development. Therefore, it is fairly sensible to regard water as “liquid gold.” Currently, over six million people in Cambodia do not have access to grid-quality electricity. The government aims to provide electricity to all villages by 2020 and to 70% of all rural households by 2030. To realize this goal, Cambodia must diversify its energy sources to include renewable energy. Hydropower is a cornerstone of Cambodia’s renewable energy development. Being a water-rich nation, Cambodia is blessed with hydropower potential, which if fully exploited, this naturally extracted power could fulfill the electricity demand of its population. However, by making energy development a top priority, investments in building hydropower dams are seen to  Read More

      • Planet 50-50 by 2030: Step It Up for Gender Equality! Voices from the field: investing in women in farming

        08 Mar 2016

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        (Photo: ©UNDP Cambodia)

        Today, March 8, the world  observes the International Women’s Day under a global theme, Planet 50-50 by 2030: Step It Up for Gender Equality. Planet 50-50 is a time-bound goal in which women and girls have equal rights and opportunities by 2030 At the 2015 ‘Global Leaders’ Meeting on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment, Cambodia’s Prime Minister Hun Sen made a national commitment to end gender inequalities by increasing investments in gender equality, ensuring the protection of women’s rights and their equal participation in decision making, strengthening accountability mechanisms for gender equality, and promoting women’s involvement in the economy. What does this commitment mean for women from family farms? Family farm remains a core agricultural production unit in Cambodia which has about 82 per cent of its population living in rural areas and close to 71 per cent engaging in agriculture for their livelihoods. While there are almost equal numbers of men and women in the agricultural population, the national data records more men taking up the leading position in agricultural households and farming. According to a report by the National Institute of Statistic that bases its analysis on the latest General Population Census, men lead 80 per cent of agricultural  Read More

      • Supporting inclusive and sustainable economic growth in Cambodia

        27 Jan 2016

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        Photo: ©ILO Better Factory

        Cambodia has made great progress in economic growth, poverty reduction and human development and is poised to become a Middle Income Country (MIC) soon, and aims to achieve Upper MIC status by 2030. The ongoing challenge is that a significant proportion of the population remains vulnerable to slipping back to poverty. While labor participation is high and the employment-to-population rate in Cambodia is among the highest in the world, if this vulnerability is to be addressed, there is a need to expand opportunities for decent employment particularly for women. To these ends, there are a range of challenges that UNDP is collaborating with Royal Government of Cambodia to address. One challenge is improving incentives to invest in human capital. Completion rates at lower secondary education are too low if Cambodia is to take advantage of its demographic dividend. Households spend far too little on education given that private returns, while not negative, have steadily been declining. Moreover, because of the Khmer Rouge period, Cambodia does not have the critical mass of middle-aged parents that can finance the education of the youth. While the current reforms in the education sector are vitally necessary, these must be complemented by larger economic reforms. The  Read More

      • 2015 Winners of UN Climate Solutions Awards Announced

        02 Nov 2015

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        Projects From Across the Globe to be Honoured at UN Climate Conference in Paris

        Sixteen game-changing initiatives from around the world were announced today as winners of a prestigious United Nations climate change award. Winning activities include a seriously cool smartphone that puts social values first and an initiative that is enabling 40 Latin American cities to take concrete climate action. Others include a women-led initiative in Benin that uses solar energy to empower women farmers and an internal carbon fee that holds the business units of one of the world’s most famous software and ICT companies financially responsible for reducing their carbon emissions. The Momentum for Change initiative is spearheaded by the UN Climate Change secretariat to shine a light on some of the most innovative, scalable and replicable examples of what people are doing to address climate change. Today’s announcement is part of wider efforts to mobilize action and ambition as national governments work toward adopting a new universal climate agreement in Paris. “With less than 35 days to go until the climate change conference in Paris, the Momentum for Change Lighthouse Activities are further compelling proof that climate action is building worldwide and in countries, communities, companies and cities everywhere,” UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christiana Figueres said. “By showcasing these remarkable solutions and the people behind them we can strengthen efforts toward that new agreement, accelerate  Read More

      • 10 ways youth can make an impact

        12 Aug 2015

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        A group of Cambodian youth act in UNDP Cambodia's Loy9 TV dramas that were aimed at empowering youths to be active in civic participation. The initiative was funded by UNDP Cambodia and Sweden in Cambodia, and produced by BBC Media Action (Photo: BBC Media Action)

        “We are addressing youth today, because youth have placed themselves on the top of the agenda.”–Secretary General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon Youth activism and engagement can bring about important social changes that are sometimes left behind. You don’t have to wait to be an adult to be an active member of your community. Your opinion matters and it should be heard. Here’s a list of ideas of how you can participate locally and globally: 1. Know your rights: You might not be able to vote yet, but all children and youth hold national and international rights. These rights are only of use to you if you are informed about them, so read up! 2. Learn about local issues: Is a roadblock affecting your commute to school? Are the new taxes affecting your family’s livelihood? Whatever the case, learning the issue will help in creating solutions that will have an impact on you. 3. Speak out: Speaking your mind online (through social media), and/or offline (at local meetings and gatherings) helps you assert yourself and your interests. Also, you never know who might be listening. Think before posting. Social media has a long memory and things can never truly be  Read More

      • Financing for development in Asia and the Pacific

        09 Jul 2015

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        Construction workers are building an apartment in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Photo: © Chansok Lay/UNDP Cambodia.

        The world eagerly awaits the outcome of the 3rd International Conference on Financing for Development this month which will be a real test of the international community’s commitment to sustainable development. In this context, it is worth underscoring that the Asia-Pacific region – a dynamic and vibrant market - has already been at the forefront of deliberations on financing for development and has endorsed initiatives that will unleash its resource potential.  With substantial scope for tapping domestic resource mobilization and infrastructure financing, the region will build on the development achievements secured in past years which have simultaneously driven global growth. Our region has made impressive gains in reducing the incidence of extreme poverty from a staggering 53 percent in 1990 to 12 percent today, illustrating its resilience to the  2008 financial crisis given that most countries strengthened their financial systems regulatory frameworks in the aftermath of Asian financial crisis in 1997-1998. Trade growth has remained steady, with the level of intra-regional trade second only to that of the European Union. The key to financial stability and people’s well-being will be their improved access to financing for development, which involves broadening coverage of financing to all segments of society, including the unbanked  Read More

      • Cambodia needs to capitalize on demographic dividend

        01 Jul 2015

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        Ms. Vin Rattana, middle, supervises her colleagues at a car garage she manages in Siem Reap province. More skilled workers are needed for the country to grow faster and to compete with other nations, especially when ASEAN economic integration is coming soon.

        But, what is demographic dividend? A demographic dividend or bonus is a condition where greater proportion of the population is in the working-age against a diminishing total dependency ratio. It is a potential opportunity for countries to accelerate their economic growth through investment in education, health and economic opportunities as more and more resources are now freed due to lower dependency ration. How does it happen? Demographic window of opportunity begins with declining fertility and mortality rates. Eventually, population age structure changes, that brings more people into the working-age than the dependents. Then, the demographic dividend is opened up. In other words, more net producers than net consumers are in an economy freeing more resources for investment in education, health, and other wellbeing.  What are the benefits of demographic dividend? When birth rates decline, families start having fewer dependent children. This increase in the ratio of the working age population relative to the dependent population (child and elderly) can give the country an impetus for accelerated economic growth. With more people working, they produce more as a country. With more workers who now invest more in their children’s health and education without necessarily increasing family budgets – as they have fewer  Read More

      • Bringing about the 'Good Change' (together)

        04 Mar 2015

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        A woman washes clothes outside her flooded house. Heavy rains in 2013 resulted in floods in 20 provinces throughout the north-west and along the Mekong River in central and southern Cambodia, killing 188 people and affecting more than 1.7 million. Photo: Thomas Cristofoletti/Ruom for UNDP

        In the last decade, Cambodia has halved its poverty rate and improved the living conditions of its population. Yet because of extreme climate events that regularly descend on the country, Cambodia remains one of the most disaster-vulnerable countries in Southeast Asia. In 2013 alone, losses caused by floods added up to USD $356 million.   Disasters are tragic because of the consequences on human life and well-being, but they also present an opportunity to promote what UNDP now calls “risk-informed development.” Various actors and communities can—and should—work more closely together to create effective, multi-disciplinary approaches to respond to disasters and promote disaster risk reduction.     Take the 2013 floods as an example. A combination of heavy rains and the swelling of the Mekong River caused widespread damage to infrastructure and crops. 168 people died, most of them children, and 20 provinces were devastated, with thousands of hectares of rice destroyed and hundreds of kilometers of rural roads badly damaged.   Following the floods, the Cambodian government requested that UNDP work with various partners to carry out a Post Flood Early Recover Needs Assessment. Drawing on the expertise of UNDP’s country office, as well as the skills and knowledge of government  Read More

      • Lessons from the Past Help to Prepare for the Future

        17 Dec 2014

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        We have seen that involving communities in the recovery process brings special commitment and speeds up recovery. UNDP Photo

        In China there is an old proverb that goes: “If you are planning for a year, sow rice; if you are planning for a decade, plant trees; if you are planning for a lifetime, educate people.” As we look at how things have changed since the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami we can see how UNDP has worked with partners to help communities recover in the aftermath of disasters, and following through to educate people across the spectrum, to ensure that fewer lives are lost when disaster strikes. For years, we have been working to support governments in reducing risks from disaster, in helping communities build resilience, and in assisting to set up early warning systems. Recently, we supported the initiative of the government of the Philippines in creating the Office of the Presidential Assistant for Rehabilitation and Recovery following Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda). We helped set up its offices, provided equipment, and assisted with drafting the post-Haiyan "Comprehensive Rehabilitation and Recovery Plan" based on a bottom up needs assessment and under strong government leadership. Helping countries better deal with disasters has long been part of our mandate. But that objective took on new urgency following the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Since then  Read More

      • Do-it-yourself Sustainable Development: The SDGs go DIY

        25 Sep 2014

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        WOMEN PARTICIPATE IN MANAGEMENT TRAINING, PART OF A UNDP PROGRAMME THAT AIMS TO ENHANCE THE GOVERNMENT’S EFFECTIVENESS IN FULFILLING THEIR MANDATE. PHOTO: UNDP BANGLADESH

        With the proposal for Sustainable Development Goals now available for all members of the General Assembly to consider further, the question on many of our minds is:  where to next?  Once global sustainable development goals are adopted next year, how can we best help governments, citizens, and the private sector take them from aspiration to reality? So far almost 5 million people in almost 100 countries have either voted on their priorities for a new development agenda through the MY World survey or engaged in face-to-face discussions on what is needed to improve their future. As part of our broader work supporting innovation for development (I4D), we are looking for new ways of inspiring action on these priorities. So far, some interesting approaches have emerged: Micro-narratives and qualitative research to learn more about complex issues    The World we Want consultations asked what people need for their future, engaging people who are not usually part of policy debates. For example, people living with disabilities in Belarus and youth at risk in Kyrgyzstan shared their experience through micro-narratives. This data was then used to advocate for policies better suited to meet their needs. In El Salvador the consultations provided data used to advocate for a multi-sector citizen security strategy.  Platforms for encouraging civic  Read More