Clearing for Results Phase II
Clearing for Results II (CFR II) is a five-year project that aims to enhance national structures and mechanisms that will ensure demining resources are effectively allocated, promoting the release of land for productive use by the poor.
To achieve this, the United Nations Development Programme and other development partners are supporting the Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority (CMAA) in leading and managing the implementation of CFR II.
Building on the achievements and lessons learned from the first phase of the project (2006-2010), CMAA also leads the implementation of the National Mine Action Strategy 2010-2019, a result from which resources are being allocated to the Royal Government of Cambodia’s national and local development priorities as well as in the enactment of policy frameworks. This will support increased levels of land released to communities for rural development and improved access to economic opportunities and growth.
Key achieved results
- 83 km2 of land was released (2006-2013) in Battambang, Banteay Meanchey and Pailin, exceeding the project target of 72 km2 by 2015. In 2013, 17.4 km2 of land was released.
- Post-clearance monitoring of land cleared in 2011 through CFR II resources showed that land is being used largely for agriculture:
- Land released benefited 18,971 families (76,198 individuals, of which 38,076 are females and 1,064 are people with disabilities).
- Reported casualties in CFR II project locations has reduced:
|Province||Number of landmine casualties|
|DFID||GBP276,858 (2011 - 2012)|
|Austria||EUR 410,000 (2012 - 2013)|
After nearly three decades of war and internal conflicts, Cambodia remains severely affected by landmines and explosive remnants of war. In 2003 Cambodia has adopted a special ninth Millennium Development Goal to clear all affected land, reduce the casualty rate to zero, and improve survivor assistance. Results of the baseline survey in 124 districts reveals that about 1,915 square kilometres of land surface are believed to be contaminated by landmines and ERW. It is estimated that 15 more years will be required to remove the contamination with the current level of resources available to the sector.
In order to achieve this output, the project will adopt a three pronged approach.
- Firstly, it will support the overall coordination of the sector through empowering the CMAA to promote and implement the NMAs (2010-2019). It will support other international instruments, such as the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC) and development strategies at national and sub-national levels.
- Secondly, it will support developing the capacity of the CMAA to manage, regulate, coordinate and monitor the sector efficiently and effectively.
- Lastly, the project will continue to play an active role in surveying and clearing areas contaminated by mines and explosive remnants of War (ERW) with an emphasis on promoting efficiency and transparency to achieve increased releases of contaminated land to support poverty reduction and economic growth.