Forest Carbon Partnership Facility REDD+ Readiness Project Ⅱ
REDD+ is a global policy initiative to address climate change threats by reducing emissions from deforestations and forest degradation in developing countries. Its main goal is to prevent forest degradation and deforestation, and promote forest conservation through offering results-based payments as financial incentives.
The World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) was established in 2008 to support developing countries to be ready for REDD+ implementation. FCPF is a global partnership of governments, businesses, civil society, and Indigenous Peoples with 47 participant countries including Cambodia. UNDP has been selected as the delivery partner for the implementation of the FCPF project in Cambodia.
The FCPF II project document was signed by the Ministry of Environment of Royal Government of Cambodia, and UNDP in September 2019.
Building upon the earlier REDD+ readiness efforts, the main goal of the FCPF II project is to prepare Cambodia for implementation of REDD+ under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Being ready for REDD+ is a precondition for the Royal Government of Cambodia to move to the next phase of REDD+, that is, to implement REDD+ policies and measures to effectively reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and promote the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks. Successful REDD+ implementation, in terms of reduction in GHG emissions from the forest.
The main objective of the FCPF project phase II is to develop and enhance the Cambodian government’s capacities for tackling deforestation and forest degradation as well as for measuring, reviewing and verifying emission reduction.
Key expected results
The project will ensure the following four outputs to be attained:
Output 1: strengthening of REDD+ management arrangements;
Output 2: development of National REDD+ Strategy Action Plan(s) (or Investment) and other relevant enabling policy instruments for REDD+;
Output 3: enhancement of subnational capacities for REDD+ planning;
Output 4: monitoring system designed for REDD+ with capacity for implementation.
Output 1 will be achieved through support to on-going implementation and further development of appropriate management arrangements such as the REDD+ Taskforce, REDD+ Taskforce Secretariat, but now we use only REDD+ Secretariat, Consultation Group and Gender Group and stakeholder consultations for National REDD+ Readiness which have been initiated through the UN-REDD Programme and FCPF-1 project.
Output 2 will be attained through support to the REDD+ Taskforce and line agencies to develop policies and measures (REDD+ interventions) and development of systems and enabling policy environments for REDD+ implementation. These include the Summary of Information on Safeguard (SIS) and other policy and legal instruments. Participation in a pilot for REDD+ results-based payments under the Green Climate Fund will be tested as a step towards full implementation of REDD+.
Output 3 will be achieved by improving the capacity of various sub-national administrative bodies for planning and implementing REDD+ actions.
Output 4 will be achieved through support to establish the monitoring system and improve the RGC’s initial Forest Reference level. The project will also provide continued support for the Government agencies to collect and analyze data on forest cover (change) and emissions factors.
The programme will undertake the following activities:
- Support for national REDD+ readiness coordination mechanisms
- Capacity building and training for REDD+ implementation
- Stakeholder engagement and communication
- Development of NRS Action (or Investment) Plan and policy support for government agencies
- Development of a safeguards Information system including grievance redress mechanism
- Development of an arrangement for management of REDD+ Finance
- Development of subnational management plans for NRM and REDD+
- Support for community based REDD+ through CPAs, CFs and collaborative management (to be financed by the UN‐REDD CBR+)
- Strengthening the capacity of National MRV Technical Team and national capacity
- Support for production of nationally‐derived activity data, emission factors, greenhouse gas estimates for LULUCF/AFOLU sector improved, and reporting
Capacity building for monitoring and evaluation impacts of REDD+ intervention
Co-financing (in parallel)
GEF SGP/ CBR+
According to the recent Forest Reference Level (FRL) submission to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (RGC 2017), Cambodia has approximately 8.5 million hectare of forest, constituting 47% of the total land area. During the last decades, Cambodia has undergone a rapid rate of deforestation with the forest cover change from 57 % in 2010 to 47% in 2014 (RGC). Hence, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) officially endorsed REDD+ as a crucial national strategy to tackle the alarming rates of deforestation and forest degradation in the country and to improve the livelihoods of forest dependent communities. Building upon earlier REDD+ readiness efforts, the main purpose of the FCPF II project is to assist Cambodia to be fully ready for REDD+ implementation.