6 Ensure environmental sustainability

Where we are?

Cambodian villagers look at educational poster about environment. (Photo: UNDP Cambodia)

Overview on Cambodia MDG7

Between 1990 and 2010, the country lost an average 1.1% of the total forest-cover/year. The forest-cover in 2010 was about 58% and not of pristine quality. The government has set up protected areas (23 in number, totalling 3.1 million ha, one of the highest levels in the world) and community-protected areas as a part of its environmental protection strategy. However, limited techniques available for replanting, low incentives for staff, high-dependence of many on the forest for livelihood, illegal logging, limited human and financial resources, and not fully demarked forest areas, are some constraining factors.

Figure 3: Proportion of Population Covered by Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation, Rural and Urban Areas, 2009-2011. (Source: CSES)

Proportion of population covered by safe rural drinking water has not grown between 2009 and 2011. With some effort, though, the target of 50% can be achieved. In contrast, households covered by rural sanitation have grown. The proportion of urban population with access to safe water exceeds 80%; the target is met. Sanitation target for urban areas too has been exceeded (Figure 3).

Firewood and/or charcoal (a bi-product)—the traditional sources of cooking—are now deemed an ecological threat. Yet, over 85% Cambodians still use wood-fired/charcoal stoves. While the proportion has been gradually reducing, the target of 52%, set for 2015, is appears distant.

Statement on Cambodia MDG7

CMDG 7 poses many challenges which are difficult to meet in the timeframe.

UNDP's work in Cambodia

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Targets for Cambodia MDG7
  • Extend forest area increases to 60% of the total land and there is reversal in the loss of environmental resources
  • Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people who do not have access to safe water and sanitation
  • Reduce use of wood fuel for cooking to 52% of the population.
Targets for MDG7
  1. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  2. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
    • Proportion of land area covered by forest and proportion of species threatened with extinction
    • CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
    • Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
    • Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
    • Proportion of total water resources used
    • Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
    • Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
    • Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
  4. Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
    • Proportion of urban population living in slums