6 Ensure environmental sustainability

Where we are?

Cambodian villagers look at educational poster about environment. (Photo: UNDP Cambodia)

Overview on Cambodia MDG7

Between 1990 and 2010, the country lost an average 1.1% of the total forest-cover/year. The forest-cover in 2010 was about 58% and not of pristine quality. The government has set up protected areas (23 in number, totalling 3.1 million ha, one of the highest levels in the world) and community-protected areas as a part of its environmental protection strategy. However, limited techniques available for replanting, low incentives for staff, high-dependence of many on the forest for livelihood, illegal logging, limited human and financial resources, and not fully demarked forest areas, are some constraining factors.

Figure 3: Proportion of Population Covered by Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation, Rural and Urban Areas, 2009-2011. (Source: CSES)

Proportion of population covered by safe rural drinking water has not grown between 2009 and 2011. With some effort, though, the target of 50% can be achieved. In contrast, households covered by rural sanitation have grown. The proportion of urban population with access to safe water exceeds 80%; the target is met. Sanitation target for urban areas too has been exceeded (Figure 3).

Firewood and/or charcoal (a bi-product)—the traditional sources of cooking—are now deemed an ecological threat. Yet, over 85% Cambodians still use wood-fired/charcoal stoves. While the proportion has been gradually reducing, the target of 52%, set for 2015, is appears distant.

Statement on Cambodia MDG7

CMDG 7 poses many challenges which are difficult to meet in the timeframe.

UNDP's work in Cambodia

  • Two Cambodian girls living on an island prepare fishing nets. (Photo: UNDP Cambodia)

    Village’s savings group keeps livelihoods afloat

    Koh Kong – Fisherman Srun Bun Thuon saw his family’s life hopelessly crumble seven years ago when the fisherman had to sell off his house tomore

1.17 years
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for Cambodia MDG7
  • Extend forest area increases to 60% of the total land and there is reversal in the loss of environmental resources
  • Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people who do not have access to safe water and sanitation
  • Reduce use of wood fuel for cooking to 52% of the population.
Targets for MDG7
  1. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  2. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
    • Proportion of land area covered by forest and proportion of species threatened with extinction
    • CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
    • Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
    • Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
    • Proportion of total water resources used
    • Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
    • Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
    • Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
  4. Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
    • Proportion of urban population living in slums