6 Promote gender equality and empower women

Where we are?

 Rural women
Rural women discuss to make up regulation to use water distributed by a solar-panel powered station in the countryside. (Photo: UNDP Cambodia)

Overview of Cambodia MDG3

There is no much change in the ratio of females to males between age groups 11-17 years attending schools but the ratio is less than 100% each year. More work is required to get girls in this age-group in schools. Next, Cambodian authorities consider more female workers participating in the labour force as salaried/wage employees a sign of progress. Gender parity in this ratio is a target. This ratio is in the range 42-45%, less by a few percentage points than the 50% mark. 

The government has been appointing women officials in positions of decision-making. A woman now holds a deputy prime minister’s post, and two women are ministers. However, this is still short of the aim of appointing 15 women ministers. Next, some 16 women are secretaries of state (the aim is 18), and 31 women are under-secretaries (target of 20 is exceeded). In 2009, consequent to RGC issuing a guideline for setting a quota of 20-50% for women among new recruits in the government, the proportion of women civil servants increased from 32% in 2008 to 34% in 2011. At the sub-national level, women have been appointed vice-governors of cities, provinces, towns, and districts/khans: there are 24 female vice-governors (20%) now, exceeding the target of 15%.

Statement on Cambodia MDG3

Gender equity would require some extra effort to attain some indicators.

UNDP's work in Cambodia

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Targets for Cambodia MDG3
  • Reduce significantly gender disparities in upper secondary and tertiary education
  • Eliminate gender disparities in wage employment in all economic sectors, and
  • Eliminate gender disparities in public institutions
Targets for MDG3
  1. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
    • Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
    • Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
    • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament