Human Development

  • Human Development Report 2014Human Development Report 2014Jul 24, 2014As successive Human Development Reports have shown, most people in most countries have been doing steadily better in human development. Advances in technology, education and incomes hold ever-greater promise for longer, healthier, more secure lives.1 Globalization has on balance produced major human development gains, especially in many countries of the South. But there is also a widespread sense of precariousness in the world today—in livelihoods, in personal security, in the environment and in global politics.2 High achievements on critical aspects of human development, such as health and nutrition, can quickly be undermined by a natural disaster or economic slump.

  • Human Development Report 2013Human Development Report 2013Jan 1, 2014When developed economies stopped growing during the 2008–2009 financial crisis but developing economies kept on growing, the world took notice. The rise of the South, seen within the developing world as an overdue global rebalancing, has been much commented on since. This discussion has typically focused narrowly on GDP and trade growth in a few large countries. Yet there are broader dynamics at play, involving many more countries and deeper trends, with potentially far-reaching implications for people’s lives, for social equity and for democratic governance at the local and global levels.

  • Cambodia National HDR 2011Cambodia National HDR 2011Jan 1, 2012Around the world, climate change has become the focus of urgent discussion and action. It presents a multi-dimensional challenge, but can also be seen as providing opportunities. Dealing with climate change marks a new paradigm for development. While the more visible impacts of climate change on the country are only now emerging, Cambodia has been active in taking measures to address climate change for more than a decade. Recent natural phenomena, such as the delayed rains in 2010, further demonstrate the extreme dependence of rural people’s well-being on the regularity of seasons, controlled by the climate, and the availability of natural resources like water. The late onset of the rainy season resulted in record-low water levels on the Tonle Sap and Mekong Rivers, and raised concerns in the public media regarding climate change. Many poor farmers were already in a tenuous position, having lost their crops in the previous year to the highly unusual and devastating Typhoon Ketsana in September 2009.

  • Cambodia National HDR 2007Cambodia National HDR 2007Jan 1, 2008Human development is about fostering an environment wherein people can develop their potential, create more choices for themselves and live a long, healthy and productive life. UNDP has produced Human Development Reports for the last 17 years, which have promoted ‘people-centred’ development. National Human Development Reports (NHDRs) are designed to be advocacy documents based on thorough research. Globally, over 400 of these have been produced in 135 countries. Cambodia began to produce NHDRs in 1997.

  • Cambodia National HDR 2001Cambodia National HDR 2001Jan 1, 2002Cambodia faces an AIDS epidemic that potentially could reverse the development gains made since peace returned to the country. It is estimated that 2.8% of the adult population is infected with HIV, among the highest in Asia; that many tens of thousands have already died as a result; and that possibly two hundred thousand people including children will develop AIDS within the next 5-10 years.

  • Cambodia National HDR 2000Cambodia National HDR 2000Jan 1, 2001Human development is about improving ordinary people’s lives by enlarging their choices and helping them realize their full human potential. While per capita income is an important aspect of improving people’s lives, it is by no means the only one. Health and education are no less important in judging people’s welfare. The global Human Development Report 2000 additionally includes freedom and human rights in its definition of human development.

  • Cambodia National HDR 1999Cambodia National HDR 1999Jan 1, 2000Human development is the process of enlarging people's choices. While income is one of these choices, it is by no means the only one. Health, education, nutrition, access to social services, and individual freedoms are no less important in judging people's welfare.

  • Cambodia National HDR 1998Cambodia National HDR 1998Jan 1, 1999The idea behind human development is that income or consumption is an essential ingredient in judging people’s welfare, but that it is not the sole end or even a principal measure of that process. What is more important is for people to lead long and healthy lives, to acquire knowledge and to have access to resources needed for a decent standard of living.

  • Cambodia National HDR 1997Cambodia National HDR 1997Jan 1, 1998Cambodia is a country in transition. But, unlike other transitional economies that are moving from being command economies to market economies or from a socialist system to a capitalist system, Cambodia is making the transition from reconstruction to development. The country has been mired in conflict and civil war for so long that it has had to initiate reconstruction and rehabilitation of physical and human capital before embarking on economic and human development. However, after nearly five years of reconstruction and rehabilitation, it now appears poised to begin the next phase of development.